The purpose of this blog is to “contend for the faith which was once delivered unto the saints” (Jude 1:3), especially by defending the first article of the Christian faith, that there is one God, the Father of the Lord Jesus Christ (1 Cor 8:6), against the attacks made on it by various heresies, and especially those of modalism and semi-modalism. I hope to raise awareness of the way the fathers of the ante-nicene and nicene era articulated the doctrine of the Trinity, and to point out more recent departures from this articulation. My goal in all this is to glorify God, and help His people better understand these matters.

I believe that every point of doctrine must be proved from the holy scriptures before it is believed, since from God alone can we know with absolute certainty what is true regarding matters of doctrine. We are called to “test everything, and hold fast that which is good” (1 Thess. 5:21). We must then carefully test what we are taught on all points of doctrine, holding fast to those which are proven good by demonstration from the scriptures. Philosophical conjectures which cannot be proven true by demonstration from the scriptures, we are nowhere told to hold fast to.

My basic views on the Trinity can be summed up as follows:

1) There is one God, Who is the person of the Father in particular, from Whom are all things, and Who alone has supreme authority over all things (1 Cor 8:6, Eph 4:6, 1 Cor 15:28).

2) There is one Lord, the only-begotten Son of the one God, the Father, Who was begotten of Him before creation and before all time (1 Cor 8:6, John 3:16, John 1:14, Prov 8:22-31).

3) The Son is eternal with the Father, has life in Himself as the Father does (from the Father), is the Brightness of God’s glory, the exact representation of His person, the Image of Him the invisible God, the Word and Wisdom of God, through Whom all things were made, and without Whom nothing was made (Heb 1:1-3, John 5:26, Col 1:15, John 1:1-3, Luke 11:49).

4) The Son is God, having authority over all creation that was made through Him, yet is under the authority of the Father, Who is His God (John 1:1-3, Matt 28:18, 1 Cor 11:3; 15:28, Rev 3:12).

5) There is one Holy Spirit, a third person, Who is under the authority of God and of His Son Jesus Christ, through Whom the prophets spoke, the scriptures were inspired, and with Whom believers are sealed (Eph 4:4, John 16:7, 2 Pet 1:21, 2 Tim 3:16, Eph 4:30).

6) Godhood/deity/divinity/’God-ness’ is authority or dominion; thus to be God is always relative, as when it is said that God is the God of Israel and God of gods; just as to be King is relative, denoting royal authority over subjects (see all scriptures where God is referred to as “my God”, “our God”, “God of __”, “God over __”, etc). The God, the one God, the Father, is God over all things absolutely, both over His Son Who He begat before all time, and over all creation which he made through Him; the Son has been given all authority in heaven and earth by the Father, and from the beginning has been given Godhood over all creation by His Father; which authority the Son exercises according to the Father’s will and on His behalf, being Himself under the authority of the Father (Rev 4:8, 1 Cor 15:28, Eph 4:6, Matt 28:18, John 1:1, John 6:38, John 5:30, 1 Cor 11:3).

7) I believe that the ‘essence’, ‘substance’, and ‘nature’ of the persons of the Trinity is not directly spoken of in scripture, and is thus left a mystery and a point better left in the realm of theory than of doctrine, since making uncertain theories into dogma will divide the body of Christ (Deut 29:29).


“Neither shall light ever be darkness as long as light exists, nor shall the truth of the things pertaining to us be controverted. For truth is that than which nothing is more powerful. Every one who might speak the truth, and speaks it not, shall be judged by God.” -Justin Martyr


Article highlights:

I believe in one God, the Father Almighty

Modalism has evolved

Semi-modalism as the Greatest Problem Facing the Church Today

The Need to Be Discerning Regarding the Doctrine of the Trinity

Demonstration From Scripture that the One God is the Father in Particular

Why There is Only One God: Headship

No One Good But the Father?

Why Are We Monotheists?

Samuel Clarke’s ‘The Scripture Doctrine of the Trinity’

Samuel Clarke, Sir Isaac Newton, And Homoian Theology

The Meaning of the Term ‘God’

Commentary on the Pseudo-Athanasian Creed

Is the Holy Spirit a Person?

Sola Scriptura And the Trinity

Do You Believe in the Son of God?

Semi-Modalism & the Rule of Faith



Debate Between Maximinus, A Homoian, And Augustine, A Semi-Modalist



Sola Scriptura & Catholicity